Learn More About the 2010 U.S. Census
The United States Census counts every resident in the United States. It is required by the Constitution to take place every 10 years, and participation in the Census is mandatory.
The Census is used to help communities receive more than $400 billion in federal funds for hospitals, job training, schools, bridges, tunnels and emergency services. The Census data is used to assess the need for social services, block grants and other programs vital to many communities. It also determines the appropriate number of seats each state has in the U.S. House of Representatives.
The 2010 form itself consists of 10 questions and is one of the shortest questionnaires in the history of the Census. In fact, it is close in length to the 1790 Census. The survey form should take no longer than 10 minutes to complete, and is mailed to every home in the United States and Puerto Rico. Most of the forms (90%) should be mailed in early March. Each household is required to answer the Census form and should then mail it back in the furnished postage paid envelope by April 1. If the survey is not mailed back by April 1, a census taker will pay a personal visit to assist in filling out the form in a face-to-face interview. To view a copy of the 2010 Census form, click here.
Bilingual forms are available if necessary. It is estimated that about 13 million households will be mailed a bilingual form. There are six languages used in the questionnaire (English, Chinese, Korean, Russian, Spanish and Vietnamese) which covers about 97.8 percent of the population. Additionally there will be 59 different language assistance guides available on Census website.
Personal data requested in the Census is protected by federal law. The Census Bureau cannot disclose an individual’s answers to anyone, including other federal agencies and law enforcement entities.
Source: U.S. Census Bureau